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Posted on 12-22-2016

What Causes Diabetic Retinopathy and How Can our Eye Doctor in Morristown, TN Help?

If you are one of the millions of people in this country suffering from diabetes, our eye doctor in Morristown, TN has the training to diagnose and treat this potentially vision-threatening disease during your diabetic eye exam. Learn more about what causes diabetic retinopathy.

What is Diabetic Retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetic eye disease that affects around 14.6 million people in the U.S. The damage occurs to one of the most critical elements of vision – the retina. This is a layer of light-sensitive cells attached to the back of the eyeball that triggers the nerve impulses that allow the brain to interpret what you see. Diabetes damages the blood vessels leading to the retina, resulting in scar tissue.

What Causes Diabetic Retinopathy?

Diabetics have difficulty controlling the amount of sugar in their blood. A rise in these levels causes a blockage to the tiny blood vessels that feed the retina. Over time, that disruption in blood flow forces the body to grow new vessel in hopes of saving the retina, but they often don’t function well and leak.

The new growth of blood vessels creates scar tissue on the back of the eye, causing the retina tissue to detach. In some cases, there the pressure in the eyeball builds up pinching off the delicate nerve that transmits signals from the eye to the brain.

What Diabetic Eye Disease Treatment is Available

When you schedule an appointment with for a diabetic eye exam in Morristown, TN, our optometrist will examine the retina looking for signs of damage. The diabetic disease treatment prescribed will depend on a number of factors such as you blood sugar levels, your overall eye health and the extent of your symptoms like:

  • Blurred vision
  • Spots or dark areas in your vision
  • Impaired color vision
  • Changes in your vision

If you have any of these symptoms or are diagnosed with diabetes, please give us a call at 423-581-2020 to make an appointment with our optometrist in Morristown, TN.

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